Choosing the right camera is a crucial decision as it involves a significant investment. There are different types of cameras available in the market. They are also available in various price ranges. If you are looking for a camera under a low budget, Panasonic cameras are one of the best options in the market. You must buy one according to your budget and requirements.

 

 

Types of Cameras

 

Mirrorless Camera

 

These cameras offer image quality just like a DSLR but they are more compact and uses smaller interchangeable lenses. The main difference between a DSLR and a mirrorless camera is that there are no mirror-based optical viewfinder systems in a mirrorless camera. This makes these cameras smaller and lighter. Instead of this mirror-based optical viewfinder, you can preview the images on a rear screen or in an LCD or OLED viewfinder. These are faster than DSLRs. They also can shoot better quality 4K images. However, DSLRs come with a wider range of lenses.

 

DSLR Cameras

 

A DSLR camera uses a mirror-based or prism-based optical viewfinder. This viewfinder allows you to see the exact image that you are going to capture. These are the most popular cameras and come with larger sensors that capture more defined and sharper images. You can also use interchangeable lenses according to your requirements. Since these cameras are being available in the market for so long, you will find many lenses available. However, these are the most expensive camera type. They are also the heaviest and the largest.

 

Action Cameras

 

As you can understand from the name, these cameras under 10,000 are used to capture actions such as sports and outdoor activities. They offer high resolutions such as 4K or even higher and can capture wide-angle images. These are compact models and are made in such a way that they can withstand extreme outdoor conditions.

 

Point and Shoot Cameras

The point and shoot cameras are the most compact models that work just like your smartphone cameras. However, they offer optical zoom that varies between 5x and 12x. These are portable models that can fit in your pockets. These are budget-friendly cameras that offer instant photography.

 

Bridge Cameras

 

Bridge cameras are a combination of point and shoot cameras and interchangeable lens models. They come with a compact design, superzoom lenses, automatic and manual controls, and high-fast speeds. However, they do not produce image quality like DSLRs or mirrorless cameras.

 

Important factors to look into while buying a camera

 

Resolution

 

Megapixels decide how detailed the images or videos will look. However, a greater number of megapixels in a smaller sensor does not provide high-quality photos. Instead, the images may appear too grainy. Therefore, it is suggested a smaller camera under 10,000 with a resolution of anything above 8 megapixels is good. Larger cameras having 20 megapixels or more is ideal for good photography.

 

Aperture

 

Aperture is the size of the opening in the lens. Therefore, it decides the amount of light hitting the image sensor. Many cameras allow you to set this aperture manually. You should go for lenses, having a larger maximum aperture like f/2.8 or f/1.8. These lenses allow more light to reach the sensor thus, producing brighter and more vibrant images.

 

Image Stabilization

 

Image stabilization is the feature that reduces any blur caused due to your hand movements while capturing images or videos. There are two types of optical stabilization – in-lens and in-body. Most of the cameras use this in-lens stabilization. They use horizontal and vertical axes to adjust the images so that any degree of movement is compensated. Some Panasonic cameras also use five axes to adjust the images.

 

Focal Length

 

Focal length helps in determining the level of zoom a lens can offer. Focal lengths are measured in millimetres, such as 18 mm to 55 mm zoom lens or by magnification factors such as 5x, 10x, or 20x.

 

Sensor Type and Size

 

The main task of a sensor is to convert the light into electronic signals so that the image is formed. Bigger sensors offer better image qualities. Bigger sensors also provide greater space to accommodate more megapixels and larger pixels. The largest sensor available in the market is a “full-frame” sensor. It is generally present in top models of DSLRs and mirrorless cameras. The most common ones used in cameras are the APS-C sensors that are slightly smaller than full-frame sensors.

 

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